Peace and Security Local Government Innovations: The Galing Pook Experience
Dr. Alex B. Brillantes, Jr. and Maria Pilar M. Lorenzo
The Philippines is celebrating 25 years of decentralization in the Philippines. Decentralization in the country has been promoted specially with the passage of the Local Government Code in 1991. It transferred functions, powers and authorities to the thousands of local governments in the country. Since its implementation in 1991, a number of issues and concerns have been encountered. These include, for instance, absorptive capacities of sub-national governments, national-local relations, lack of financial resources, inter-local relations, among others. However, in spite of these above issues, concerns and challenges, there have been many good and best practices, and innovative and creative local governments over the past twenty-five years, as demonstrated by the Galing Pook Program initiated by the Local Government Academy of the Department of the Interior and Local Government and the Asian Institute of Management in 1993. There have been over 250 winners of the Program that continues up to today. Among the factors behind the innovations include autonomy, increased capacities, access to resources, and leadership of the local governments and sub-national institutions. This paper explores specifically leadership as a fundamental factor behind innovative local governments drawing evidence from the Galing Pook awardees – particularly from the Peace and Security category – over the past two and a half decades.
In collaboration with the Galing Pook Foundation and the Local Government Academy – Department of the Interior and Local Government (Republic of the Philippines)