Policy Review of the JobStart Philippines Act
Maria Pilar M. Lorenzo
Youth School-to-Work (STW) transition refers to the duration from leaving school to landing a job (Tutay, 2015). Problems in School-to-Work Transition (SWT) have been persistent in the Philippines, and this has translated to youth unemployment problems (Canlas, M & Pardalis, M., 2009) – in particular, 1.19 million young Filipinos aged 15 to 24 years of age are unemployed (PSA, 2016). In response to this, the Philippine government started the JobStart Philippines Program, which became enacted into a law, RA 10689.
The objective of this paper is to assess the existing policy on JobStart Philippines, taking into consideration the rationale for its existence and the flaws that were made manifest in the process. The Governance Reform Framework of Brillantes, Fernandex and Perante-Calina (2013) was utilized in analyzing the said policy. This lens posits that in order to bring about key reforms in the government, the following five components have to be examined: 1) institutions, 2) leadership, 3) values, 4) citizens’ engagement, and 5) communication.
This research also looked into the political forces that may have given rise to policy challenges, which could have exerted effect upon the implementation of the program. Thus, a political mapping was provided. The researcher primarily used interviews and desk research, reviewing major documents in relation to the creation and implementation of the JobStart Law. Lastly, recommendations regarding a strategic advocacy plan were provided.
This paper was presented at the 2nd Singapore Public Policy Network (SPPN) Conference held on the 29th of January at the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy of the National University of Singapore.
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